Disaster & climate change resilience

Climate change and disasters affect Nepal’s poorest people

  • Nepal is one of the world’s most vulnerable countries to climatic, hydro-meteorological disasters such as floods, landslides and droughts
  • Increased temperatures and changes to rainfall and snowmelt are damaging people’s livelihoods, water availability and food security
  • Nepal remains vulnerable to major earthquakes


  • Supporting a Climate Change Adaptation officer
  • Mainstreaming climate and disaster risk considerations in all projects
  • Specialised climate change adaptation programs in vulnerable communities



Resilience & Response

  • Meeting people’s immediate needs [food, shelter, medicine] in the aftermath of disasters
  • Building community resilience and resources in the face of climate change and natural disasters
  • Coordinating with communities, churches and governing authorities for deeply-integrated resilience

Nepal is one of the developing nations most at risk of climate-related disasters and other impacts of climate change.

Adapting to climate change

Two-thirds of Nepal’s population depend on agriculture and the monsoon rains for life and livelihoods. Climate change and disasters are having a huge impact on poor farmers and vulnerable communities, pushing many people deeper into poverty.

Nepal is a poor nation, with limited resources and infrastructure to cope with disasters and major disruptions. Human-caused climate disruption is making monsoon rainfall more unpredictable, melting snow and glacial ice at an increasing rate, and contributing to fiercer droughts and storms.

Climate-related disasters that struck Nepal during 2019 include widespread flooding and landslides in July drove 10,000 people from their homes and killed at least 55 people. Just months earlier, a tornado – the first ever recorded in Nepal – tore through the districts of Bara and Parsa in southern Nepal, destroying more than 1,200 homes, overturning cars, snapping trees, destroying crops, and killing at least twenty-eight people.

INF Australia supports programs that build community resilience to respond to climate change and disasters.

Resilience and response to disasters

Nepal’s geography and poverty make many extremely vulnerable to the shocks and impacts of natural disasters. We work through local partners and churches to provide much-needed support at these times.

In the aftermath of Nepal’s devastating 2015 earthquake, the flooding of 2017, and flooding and storms of 2019, INF Australia helped:

  • support the rebuilding of earthquake-resilient and disability-friendly homes and school buildings, for families and communities in affected communities
  • provide emergency relief supplies of shelter, medicine, food, hygiene and sanitation kits
Nepal is highly vulnerable to climate change and a range of natural disasters, including earthquakes, floods, landslides and droughts. In Rolpa in Nepal’s western hills and Kapilvastu in the southern plains, INF supported and facilitated local government and communities to undertake mitigation and adaptation actions, to plan and prepare for their eventual need to react to disaster events as First Responders.

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